EPJ Appl. Metamat.
Volume 7, 2020
Metamaterial Research Updates from China
|Number of page(s)
|19 January 2021
Actively modulated propagation of electromagnetic wave in hybrid metasurfaces containing graphene
Key Laboratory of Light Field Manipulation and Information Perception, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and School of Physical Science and Technology, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710129, PR China
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 16 December 2020
Published online: 19 January 2021
Here we present the actively modulated transportation of electromagnetic wave through hybrid metasurfaces containing graphene. The hybrid metasurfaces are composed of patterned metallic layers of extraordinary transmission and backed with graphene-sandwich layers. With the designed metallic layer with perforated structure, we demonstrated effective modulation on the on-resonance transmission amplitude by increasing the bias voltage from 0 to 4 V to electrically tune the Fermi level as well as the sheet resistance of the graphene-sandwich structure. We also found that the modulation depth can be further improved by properly designing the perforated metallic structure. By change the geometry from cut-wire structure to the “butterfly”-like pattern we preliminarily achieved 19.2% improvement on the on-resonance transmission modulation. The measured transmittances of the active metasurfaces show good agreement with the numerical simulations with fitted graphene sheet resistances. The hybrid metasurfaces presented in this work may be deployed in a wide range of applications based on active electromagnetic or optical modulations.
Key words: Graphene metasurface / extraordinary transmission / modulator / conductivity
© J. Nan et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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